Educational Psychology Questions and Answers

educational psychology questions and answers
Study Material

Educational psychology is the study of human learning. If you have an interest in this subject, or are preparing for DSSSB PRT Exam yourself, these quizzes will really put your knowledge to the test.


Frequently asked questions :


1 . An assessment is __________ if it consistently achieves the same results with the same students

(A) Valid (B) Invalid

(C) Reliable (D) Unreliable

2 . A/An __________ assessment is one which measures what it is intended to measure

(A) Valid (B) Invalid

(C) Reliable (D) Unreliable

3 . The use of technology to enhance learning process is called __________ in education.

(A) IT (B) ICT

(C) Information Technology

(D) Communication Technology

4 . The philosopher who worked in mathematical and scientific didactics was?

(A) Jean Piaget (B) John Dewey

(C) Martin Wagenschein (D) Lev Vygotsky

5 . According to John Dewey, the teacher should guide students the way of the knowledge as a __________ in learning process. (A) facilitator (B) guider

(C) Philosopher (D) partner

6 . The primary aim of educational psychology is

(A) To contribute to an understanding of sound educational practices.

(B) To provide the academic background essential for effective teaching.

(C) To provide a theoretical framework for educational research.

(D) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child

7 . According to Psychology, all education is

(A) Deliberate (B) Functional

(C) Purposive (D) Self -education

8 . The best definition of Educational Psycho-logy is a study of teaching and learning” has been given by

(A) W. Kolesnik (B) James Ross

(C) Charles E. Skinner (D) N.L. Munn

9 . Curriculum is

(A) Course

(B) Syllabus

(C) Co-curricular Activities

(D) Over all activities of an institution

10 . A development perspective involves concern with changes occurring over time in–

(A) Form (B) Rate

(C) Sequence (D) All of these

11. Which one of theories of intelligence advocates the presence of general intelligence ‘g’ and specific intelligence’s’ ?
(A) Anarchic theory

(B) Guilford’s theory of intellect

(C) Spearman’s two factor theory

(D) Vernon’s hierarchical theory

12 . The thinking process involved in producing an idea or concept that is new, original and useful is termed as–

(A) Creativity (B) Innovation

(C) Intelligence (D) Synectics

13 . Which of the following is NOT an example of discrete variable?

(A) Age (B) Gender

(C) Marital status (D) Place of residence

14 . Ramesh and Ankit have the same IQ of 120. Ramesh is two years younger than Ankit. If Ankit is 12 years old, then the mental age of Ramesh is-

(A) 9 years (B) 10 years

(C) 12 years (D) 14 years

15 . What is the aim of education?

(A) All round development of the personality of a child

(B) Moral development of a child

(C) Ability to read, write and do arithmetic

(D) To gain knowledge.

16 . What turns the single fertilized egg into a full fledged adult?

(A) Parent’s nourishment.

(B) Enviornment.

(C) Cycle of the growth and development.

(D) Interaction with the outside world

17 . What is meant by growth in the strict sense of the terminology of psychology?

(A) It is the mental growth of a child

(B) It is the increase in size, weight and height.

(C) It is related to the functions of the body.

(D) All of the above.

18 . What is meant by development?

(A) It is the growth of heart, brain and muscles.

(B) It is improvement of the ability.

(C) It is the quantitative change of the child

(D) it is a complex process of integrating many structures and functions.

19 . What is called the pre-birth stage of a child?

(A) From 0 to 2 years

(B) From 3 to 7 years

(C) From conception to birth

(D) From 3 to 12 years

20 . Which age is called the adolescent age of a child?

(A) From 3 to 12 yrs. (B) From 13 to 19 yrs.

(C) From 20 to 25 yrs. (D) From 26 to 35 yrs.

21 . “In youth we learn in age we understand”. What does this statement indicate?

(A) Relationship of learning with age.

(B) Learning stops with adulthood

(C) In youth our understanding is better.

(D) There is no learning in childhood

22 . What does intellectual development include?

(A) The development of mind

(B) Development of thinking, reasoning and interest perception.

(C) Development of skills.

(D) Development of emotions.

23 . How many words does a child learn to speak at the age of 2, according to Prof. Smith?

(A) 150 words (B) 372 words

(C) 172 words (D) 272 words

24 . On which animal Pavlov conducted his experiment

(A) Rat (B) Cat

(C) Dog (D) Bird

25 . Mirror drawing apparatus is related to

(A) Conditioning (B) Trial and error

(C) Span of memory (D) Forgetting

26 . Strains and disparities appears in the child’s personality on account of

(A) Social disadjustment

(B) Bad environment

(C) Parents psychological behavior towards the child

(D) Parents aggressive behavior in front of the child

27 . What factor influence a healthy growth of a child

(A) One way love

(B) Parent’s balanced behavior

(C) According to environment

(D) Good food

28 . If a mother shows much love,then a child’s personality will develop

(A) One way                        (B) Two way

(C) Multi dimention           (D) Abnormal way

29 . Early experiences determine late personality characteristics of social development. This was maintained by

(A) Atkinson                     (B) Morgan

(C) Freud                          (D) Semmul

30 . Who said “children have innate inclination to imitate their seniors, both in mental and social development”?

(A) Lindzey                     (B) Festinger

(C) Espinas                     (D) Baldwin

31 . The most difficult age for the development of a child is –

(A) Early childhood      (B) Teen age

(C) Young age             (D) Adult age

32 . Heredity and atmosphere are correlate

(A) Companions         (B) Dependent

(C) Elders                     (D) All of these

33 . Which of the following factors comes in the way of girls’ personal rights?

(A) Social Recognition       (B) Family

(C) Gender Difference         (D) All of these

34 . Which of the following is not an accepted stage in Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development?

(A) Interpersonal relations

(B) Individualism

(C) Social contract and social rights

(D) Universal principles

35 . Which of the following is not considered a factor of cognition?

(A) Fear (B) Retreat

(C) Anger (D) Hunger

36 . An ideal teacher should concentrate

(A) On teaching methods

(B) On the subject being taught

(C) On students and their behaviours

(D) On all of these

37 . The motive of the concept of curricular flexibility is to benefit

(A) Disabled students

(B) Minority students

(C) Reserved castes

(D) All of these

38 . Which of the following is not considered a tool for formative assessment

(A) Oral questions


(C) Assignments

(D) Projects

39 . What do you understand by the term Peer Group ?

(A) People of same profession

(B) Friends and acquaintances

(C) Family members and relatives

(D) All of these

40 . A problem child has

(A) Pampering guardians

(B)Hereditary problems

(C) IQ problems

(D) Physical problems

41 . A research technique in which researchers obtain information about an infant’s spontaneous behavior is:

(A) Standardized developmental testing

(B) Experimental designs

(C) Naturalistic observation

(D) Newborn neurobehavioral exams

42 . Experimental designs are characterized by:

(A) Normative data

(B) Controlled conditions

(C) Automated Stimulation

(D) All of the above

43 . Research findings that explain behavior under many conditions are:

(A) Generalizable

(B) Valid

(C) Reliable

(D) All of the above

44 . It is important that basic sensory capacities are developing properly because:

(A) They are the basis for learning

(B) If not, emotional development may be comprised

(C) Social interaction depends on them

(D) All of the above

45 . Habituation:

(A) Develops through interpersonal interaction

(B) Relies on good vision

(C) Is based on the fact that attention declines as an event is presented repeatedly

(D) Is important for development of sucking

46 . The Bayley Scales of Infant Development:

(A) Are the most widely used method of assessing infant developmental level

(B) Indicates an infant’s abilities relative to others of the same age

(C) Measures mental and motor capacities

(D) All of the above

47 . An infant’s tendency to attend to the more complex of two stimuli is the basis of the method called:

(A) Preference paradigm

(B) Habituation

(C) Conditioned head turning

(D) Contingency learning

48 . The rate of habituation is an indication of:

(A) Memory

(B) Fundamental cognitive processes

(C) Brain integrity

(D) All of the above

49. The difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning is:

(A) Classical conditioning is based on consequences of an event while operant conditioning is based on repeated pairings of two events

(B) Classical conditioning is based on repeated pairings of two events while operant conditioning is based on the consequences of an event

(C) Whether or not the infant likes the reward

(D) Classical conditioning is uses motor behavior but operant conditioning uses any behavior

50 . Infants of mothers who are responsive:

(A) Learn to expect this

(B) Get upset when mothers are not responsive

(C) Use their mothers for security

(D) All of the above


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